Photo of cat scratching itself in the foreground with a dog watching in the background


Fleas and ticks can be more than just an itchy annoyance to your pets—they can result in critical damage. So it’s significant to know how to use flea and tick solutions safely and securely.  It’s also significant to know whom to report to if you’re dealing with complications with these solutions.

Flea and tick solutions for animals are controlled by both the Food stuff and Drug Administration or the Environmental Protection Company (EPA). Food and drug administration and EPA have an interagency committee that evaluates solutions on a situation-by-situation basis to decide the appropriate regulatory company.

Frequently speaking, the Food and drug administration is responsible for approving animal medicines and regulates flea and tick solutions that are specified orally, which includes capsules, chews, and swallowable liquids, or by injection. EPA, with some exceptions, regulates all those solutions that are applied to animals topically – to pets’ skin or fur. This includes shampoos, collars, dust or powder, sprays, and spot-on flea and tick solutions.

The appropriate company bases its evaluation on a complete assessment of comprehensive details on the product’s safety and efficiency. This details is presented by the maker or other merchandise sponsor. The sponsor must show that the drug or pesticide fulfills current safety requirements to safeguard:

  • the animal,
  • people in speak to with the animal, and
  • the surroundings.

The sponsor must also show that the drug or pesticide achieves the claimed effect, and the merchandise must carry certain labeling so that it can be employed safely and securely and proficiently.

Even though flea and tick solutions are extremely commonly employed across animals of numerous dimensions, ages and wellbeing profiles (as directed on the label) with no complications, side consequences can arise. Consumers can report side consequences to the two the Food and drug administration and EPA, as effectively as merchandise makers. For that motive, it’s superior to hold on to the merchandise packaging so that you have the speak to details for the maker, as effectively as facts like the ton number.

You can tell which company regulates the merchandise by on the lookout at the packaging. For Food and drug administration-controlled solutions, appear for the letters “NADA” or “ANADA,” followed by a 6-digit number in this structure: NADA-xxx-xxx or ANADA xxx-xxx.  Solutions controlled by EPA will carry an EPA registration number: EPA Reg. No. xxxxx-xxxxx. These numbers enable identify the correct merchandise improved than the identify of the merchandise on your own.

  • To report complications with Food and drug administration-accredited flea or tick drug solutions, speak to the drug maker directly (see speak to details on merchandise labeling) or report to FDA’s Centre for Veterinary Medicine on a Type Food and drug administration 1932a. For more details, make sure you visit and drug
  • To report complications with EPA-controlled solutions, speak to the maker directly (see speak to details on merchandise labeling), EPA  External Url Disclaimer, or the Nationwide Pesticide Info Centre Exterior Url Disclaimer (NPIC) at one-800-858-7378.
  • If your pet requires fast clinical treatment, contact your regional veterinarian, a regional animal crisis clinic, or the Nationwide Animal Poison Handle Centre Exterior Url Disclaimer at one-888-426-4435. The NAPCC prices a price for session.